Earned value (EV) is a project management technique used to measure the progress of a project. It is a combination of the project’s scope, cost, and schedule. Earned value helps project managers identify variances in the project, and plan corrective actions.
Definition of Earned Value
Earned value is a measure of the value of work completed in a project. It is calculated by multiplying the budgeted cost of work performed by the percentage of work that is complete. The earned value is then compared to the actual cost spent and the planned cost to determine the cost and schedule performance of the project.
Components of Earned Value
Earned value has three components: budgeted cost of work performed (BCWP), the actual cost of work performed (ACWP), and planned value (PV). BCWP is the amount of money that was budgeted for a certain task or activity. ACWP is the actual amount of money spent on the task or activity. PV is the amount of money that was planned to be spent on the task or activity.
Calculating Earned Value
Earned value is calculated by subtracting the ACWP from the BCWP and dividing the result by the PV. The formula for calculating earned value is:
EV = (BCWP – ACWP) / PV
Advantages of Earned Value
Earned value is a useful tool for project managers because it provides an accurate picture of the project’s progress. It helps project managers identify problems and take corrective action before they become too costly. It also helps project managers track progress and make sure the project is on track to meet its goals.
Disadvantages of Earned Value
Although earned value is a useful tool, it can be time-consuming and difficult to calculate. It requires detailed tracking of the project’s budget, cost, and schedule. Additionally, earned value is only as accurate as the data that is used to calculate it. If the data is inaccurate, the earned value calculation will be inaccurate as well.
Applications of Earned Value
Earned value is used in a variety of industries, including construction, engineering, and software development. It is also used in government and military projects. Earned value can be used to measure the progress of a project and identify potential problems.
Best Practices for Earned Value
When using earned value, it is important to ensure that the data used to calculate it is accurate. This includes tracking the budget, cost, and schedule of the project. Additionally, it is important to regularly review the earned value calculations to ensure that the project is on track.
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Earned value is a powerful project management tool that can help project managers track progress and identify potential problems. It is important to ensure that the data used to calculate earned value is accurate and to review the calculations regularly. By using earned value, project managers can ensure that their projects are on track and successful.